A paper by Lisa Boonk and colleagues, published in Educational Research Review, reviews the research literature on the relationship between parental involvement and students’ academic achievement.
To be eligible for the paper, studies had to (a) investigate parental involvement and its relation with academic achievement of learners aged 0 to 18; (b) provide clear descriptions of the parental involvement construct and measurements and type of academic outcome; and (c) be published in the period 2003 to 2017 in a peer reviewed journal. A total of 75 studies were included.
After reviewing the literature, the authors found that parental involvement variables that show promise according to their correlations with academic achievement are:
- Reading at home
- Parents that are holding high expectations/aspirations for their children’s academic achievement and schooling
- Communication between parents and children regarding school
- Parental encouragement and support for learning
The authors concluded that parental involvement was related to children’s academic achievement and its effect did not weaken as children grow, although it would change in nature.
Source: Boonk, L., Gijselaers, H. J. M., Ritzen, H., & Brand-Gruwel, S. (2018). A review of the relationship between parental involvement indicators and academic achievement. Educational Research Review, 24, 10–30.